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Board of Trustees

icddr,b’s Board of Trustees comprises 15 health professionals and researchers representing both developed and developing countries.

The Board was created by an Ordinance of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Three members are nominated by the People’s Republic of the Government of Bangladesh, with the World Health Organization and UNICEF nominating one member each. icddr,b’s Executive Director serves as the Member-Secretary.

The Board operates under the icddr,b Ordinance and the accompanying Board of Trustees Bylaws. The Board of Trustees’ roles and responsibilities include fund oversight; approving and monitoring the budget; setting broad institution-wide policies, as well as monitoring adherence to the Strategic Plan 2015-18; employing, evaluating and supporting the Executive Director; maintaining the line between governance and management; and evaluating the Board’s own performance.

 


CHAIR


Richard Smith is chair of Patients Know Best, a company that gives patients control of all their medical and social care records; adjunct professor at Imperial College Institute of Global Health Innovation; chair of the Cochrane Library Oversight Committee; and adviser to F1000, a new way to publish science. Dr. Smith served for 13 years as editor of the British Medical Journal and chief executive of the BMJ Publishing Group. He was also director of the UnitedHealth Chronic Disease Initiative, which collaborated with the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to create centres in low and middle income countries to conduct research to counter the pandemic of chronic disease. He has been a member of many boards, including that of the Public Library of Science. He was once a doctor on the BBC , has published extensively, and writes blogs regularly for the BMJ.


MEMBER SECRETARY


Dr. Clemens, an expert in vaccine development and evaluation in developing countries with a career spanning academia, government and international organisations, was appointed Executive Director of icddr,b by its international Board of Trustees. A former research scientist at icddr,b from 1983-1988, Dr. Clemens transitioned from his previous position as Professor and Vice-Chairman of Epidemiology and founding Director of the Center for Global Infectious Diseases at the University of California, Los Angeles Fielding School of Public Health to take up the new post.

Dr. Clemens’ previous roles include Chief of Epidemiology at the Center for Vaccine Development at the University of Maryland, and Chief of the Epidemiology Branch and Director of the World Health Organization International Collaborating Center for the Clinical Evaluation of Vaccines in Developing Countries at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the US National Institutes of Health. In 1999, Dr. Clemens became the founding Director-General of the International Vaccine Institute in Seoul, Korea, where he served until 2011. As a scientist, Dr. Clemens' research has focused on generating the evidence required for policy decisions about vaccine introduction in developing world populations, and innovative approaches to evaluating their effectiveness. He led the team that developed the first low-cost oral vaccine against cholera, which has recently deployed in Haiti, Guinea, Thailand, and Sierra Leone, and which is now being piloted in Dhaka.

In 2010, he was awarded the prestigious Sabin Gold Medal in recognition of his work. Dr. Clemens has published more than 350 peer-reviewed papers, and serves on the editorial boards of several international journals. He is an elected member of the American Epidemiology Society and a Fellow of both the American College of Epidemiology and the Infectious Disease Society of America. A member of multiple WHO expert advisory committees, Dr. Clemens is a graduate of Stanford (BS) and Yale (MD) Universities. He received his internal medicine training at Case Western Reserve University and his post-doctoral research training in clinical epidemiology as a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar at Yale University.


GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES


Kazi Shofiqul Azam, Secretary, Economic Relations Division (ERD), Ministry of Finance, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh has been appointed a member of the Board of Trustees. He has replaced Mohammad Mejbahuddin who retired from the government service. 

Kazi Shofiqul Azam joined the Economic Relations Division, Ministry of Finance in December 2016 as the Secretary (in charge). Since joining Bangladesh Civil Service as a member of Audit and Accounts cadre in 1983, he has held several positions in different ministries and divisions of the government. Earlier as Additional Secretary, he headed the World Bank wing and Administration & Middle East wing.

Prior to that, he served as Joint Secretary (Budget) in Finance Division, Director (Finance) in BSFIC, Deputy Secretary (Development Budget) in Finance Division, Additional Controller General of Accounts, Director (Finance) of National Nutrition Project, Director, Works Audit Directorate, Chief Accounts Officer in Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare etc.

As Secretary (in charge), ERD, he represents the government in different local, regional and global platforms to steer the development effectiveness agenda. He is an Alternate Governor of World Bank Group and Asian Development Bank. He acts as the National Designated Authority (NDA) to the Green Climate Fund.

He obtained his Bachelor and Masters from the Department of Finance, University of Dhaka. He also holds an INTOSAI Development Initiative (IDI) Diploma on Course Design and Instructional Technique, organised by Asian Organization of Supreme Audit Institute in Bangkok and has been recognised as an IDI Training Specialist.

 


 
 

UNICEF REPRESENTATIVE


Mr. Sanjay Wijesekera joined UNICEF in October 2011 as the Chief of Section for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, and Associate Director of Programmes. Before joining UNICEF, from 2005 – 2011, he was working for the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), where he was responsible for managing overall policy and global programmes related to achieving the water and sanitation Millennium Development Goals. He also worked for DFID in Ghana as an infrastructure adviser, where he helped coordinate a Joint Assistance Strategy for the donor community and was the lead donor representative for the water sector. Prior to that, between 2003 and 2005, he worked for UNICEF as a water and sanitation adviser in Nigeria. Mr. Wijesekera is a national of Sri Lanka. He is a chartered civil engineer, and holds a Master’s degree in Water and Environmental Management from the University of Loughborough, UK.


WHO REPRESENTATIVE

G. Balakrish Nair is the Acting Regional Adviser in the Research, Policy and Cooperation Unit of the Communicable Diseases Department at the Regional office of the World Health Organization for South-East Asia located in New Delhi.
Prior to this he was the Executive Director of the Translational Health Science Technology Institute (THSTI), a new autonomous Institute of the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, in Gurgaon, Haryana. He took up this position in October, 2011 and superannuated in November 2015.
He was previously the Director of the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata, India. He joined NICED in 1981 and worked there till April 2000 after which he took up a 7-year assignment at icddr,b as the Director of Laboratory Sciences Division.
Dr Nair’s research is on enteric pathogens with particular emphasis on Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of the disease cholera. His interest has recently expanded to the Human Microbiome with particular interest in the human gut microbiota and he was instrumental in creating the Centre for Human Microbial Ecology at THSTI.
Dr Nair is a Fellow of all the major National Academies of India, Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences, Fellow of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing Nations, Trieste, Italy, Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology and Member of the German Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina).
Among other awards, Dr Nair received the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar award for Medical Sciences in 1998 for his contributions to the discovery of Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal. Under his supervision, 29 students have obtained doctoral degrees. He is the author of over 500 research papers.


INDEPENDENT MEMBERS


Dr. Ann-Mari Svennerholm is a professor in Infections and Immunity at University of Gothenburg, Sweden. She has had numerous commissions at the university, e.g. as vice rector for several years. She has devoted most of her research to development of vaccines against enteric infections, i.e. cholera, diarrhoea caused by enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and Helicobacter pylori. She has, together with professor Jan Holmgren, developed the oral cholera vaccine, Dukoral®. She has served on numerous national and international boards in the field of infections, vaccines and global health, e.g. the Swedish Research Council, the Foundation for Technology transfer between University and Industry, the Swedish Institute of Infectious Disease control in Sweden. She has been the chair for the WHO Diarrhoeal and Enteric Vaccines Advisory Committee, DEVAC, and the Norwegian Research Council program for global health and vaccines, GLOBVAC, during several years. She has also been a member of the boards of the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) in Korea. She has published more than 400 original papers and review articles in the field of enteric infections and vaccines.


As Managing Director, Dr. Vega leads the Rockefeller Foundation’s work in Health including development of strategy, implementation of the Foundation’s current Transforming Health Systems Initiative, and pursuit of new work in the field. Prior to joining The Rockefeller Foundation, Dr. Vega served as Director of the Center of Public Health Policy at the Universidad del Desarrollo in Chile. Before working for the Universidad del Dessarrollo de Chile, she was Vice Minister of health in Chile, leading the country’s 13-step agenda for equity in health. In 2003, Dr. Vega served as a Director at the World Health Organization in Geneva, where she led the equity in health agenda, looking at the social determinants of health and health systems. Dr. Vega started her career as a medical doctor in Chile specializing in Family Medicine. She has a master’s degree in Public health from the Universidad de Chile and a Ph.D. in Public Health from the University of Illinois at Chicago.


Mr. Kenneth M. Dye was the Auditor General of Canada from 1981-1991, under the Trudeau, Turner and Mulroney administrations. He was trained as a chartered accountant at the University of British Columbia and articled as a clerk with the firm of Campbell Sharp, a predecessor firm of Grant Thornton Chartered Accountants. He graduated with his MBA from Simon Fraser University in 1971. Mr. Dye previously served on the Board of Auditors of the United Nations for ten years, nine years as Chair.

During his term as Auditor-General, Mr. Dye reorganized the office to take advantage of new technologies and assisted many governments to develop their own government auditing bodies, including China, Vietnam and Russia. Dye served as President of the Worker’s Compensation Board of British Columbia and Senior Vice-President of the Cowater Accountability Group, a subsidiary of Cowater International Inc. Mr. Dye is semi-retired and now works as an independent international development consultant. He is a Co-Chair of the Capital Campaign Cabinet for The Perley and Rideau Veterans’ Health Centre Foundation. He has been married to Frances for 58 years and has three children and four grandchildren.


Professor Maxine Whittaker is the Dean, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, at James Cook University, Townsville Australia. Prior to commencing this position in 2016, she was the Director of the Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health at the University of Queensland, Australia.

She has extensive experience in project and programme design in health and development, and for a variety of international development partner and NGO organizations and was recently the Director of the Australian Initiative for the Control and Elimination of Malaria, and the Secretariat for the Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network, in which she remains an active member. She had worked for 10 years as a senior technical advisor to the Papua New Guinea Department of Health - advising the senior management team in disease control programmes, health policy development, sexual and reproductive health and monitoring and evaluation activities in support to the health sector in Papua New Guinea. Maxine Whittaker has developed academic training programmes in university settings in Australia, Fiji, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Switzerland, for in-service, Bachelors, Diploma and Masters levels. She has provided consultancy and technical support to the development of training activities using competency based teaching and adult learning methodologies, for face-to-face, self directed, facilitated learning environments, as well as innovative web based, CD-Rom, distance and video-conference delivery modes. She is a member of the Research Programme Review Panel of the Human Reproduction Programme of WHO and presently involved in health systems and social science research activities in malaria, sexual and reproductive health and one health.


Mr. Agrawal is the Asst. Director General (Finance) at the International Crops Research institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Prior to joining ICRISAT, he was a professor of finance and accounting at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA). Before joining the faculty of IIMA, he was a faculty at the Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA). He has extensively published in his functional discipline of finance and accounting. He has published in both, national and international journals. He has been a consultant to several international organizations, such as, FAO, IFAD, CIDA, and Royal Netherlands Embassy. He has consulted in the areas of financial management to corporate bodies and in the areas of health, education, rural development, and co-operative management to international organizations. He is the vice – chairman the board, and chairman of the Audit and Finance Committee of the Association of International Agricultural Research Centres, Washington, USA, responsible for management of pension and insurance of the international staff. Previously, he served on the board of Friends of Women’s World Banking, India, working in the area of micro credit for women and a trustee of Education Support Organisation, India working in the area of primary education for economically disadvantaged children in urban slums.


Demissie Habte is a pediatrician born and raised in Ethiopia. He completed his undergraduate medical education at the American University of Beirut in Lebanon, and his pediatrics training at the New York Hospital – Cornell Medical Center. He spent the first three decades of his professional life in Ethiopia working as a clinician and as member of the Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia, where he rose to become professor and chairman of the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, and later the Dean of the Faculty. Currently, he is Chair of the Board of Trustees of the International Clinical Epidemiology Network. He has over 70 publications to his credit in diverse areas reflecting his interest, i.e. child health, medical education, public health, etc.

Other positions he has held in the past are : Executive Director of the International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases (ICDDR, B) in Dhaka, Bangladesh (1989-1997), Senior health specialist for the African region at the World Bank (Washington DC) (1997-2005), Founding International Director of the James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University in Bangladesh (2005-2007).

He is a recipient of the Rosen von Rosenstein Medal of the Swedish Pediatric Society. He is a fellow of the African Academy of Sciences and Honorary Fellow of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He was recently inducted as the first President of the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Habte also serves as a member of the DCP3 Advisory Committee to the Editors.


Dr. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta is Husein Laljee Dewraj Professor and Head of the newly created Division of Maternal and Child Health at the Aga Khan University Medical Center in Karachi, Pakistan. He also holds adjunct professorships in International Health & Family and Community Medicine within the departments of International Health at Boston University and Tufts University (Boston). He was designated a Distinguished National Professor by the Government of Pakistan in 2007. Dr Bhutta has served as a member of the Global Advisory Committee for Health Research for the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Board of Child & Health and Nutrition Initiative of the Global Forum for Health Research. He is an Executive Committee Member and Treasurer of the International Pediatric Association and on the Board of the Global Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH). Dr. Bhutta is currently the Chair of the Health Sciences Group of the Biotechnology Commission of Pakistan, a member of the WHO Strategic Advisory Committee for Vaccines, the Advisory Committee for Health Research of WHO EMRO, and its apex Regional Consultative Committee. He is also the Chairman of the National Research Ethics Committee of the Government of Pakistan.


Dr Abdullah Baqui, MBBS, MPH, DrPH, is a professor of International Health and the Director of the International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health at Johns Hopkins University, USA. He is trained in medicine, public health, health systems, and infectious diseases epidemiology. He has extensive experience in public health research, training, education, and policy advocacy. He joined the Bloomberg School of Public Health of Johns Hopkins University in 2000. Earlier he served icddr,b in various capacities for 22 years. Working closely with the WHO and many other national and international organisations, he assists with the development of policies intended to improve public health.  He serves as the editor-in-chief of Journal of Health Population and Nutrition and as an honorary editorial consultant of the Lancet.

He has authored 248 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journal and many other reports, working papers and policy briefs. His current research interests include design and evaluation of health interventions to improve health and survival of mothers, newborns, and children and implementation research to improve coverage, quality and equity of preventive and curative health interventions in large programs in low- and middle-income countries of South Asia and Sub Saharan Africa. Working with Bangladesh Ministry of Health, icddr,b and other NGOs, he has established the Projahnmo Study Group in Bangladesh. He has conducted pioneering research related to newborn, child and maternal health that influenced national and global policies and programs.

The other interests of Dr Baqui include use of evidence in policy and programmes, including the development of research capacity and the strengthening of public health training and education. He has mentored numerous Bangladeshi public health professionals.


Dr Thein Thein Htay is a Deputy Minister for Health and currently her main responsibility for the medical education as well as health services delivery in Myanmar. She is also an adjunct faculty member as well as an honorary Professor to the University of Public Health in Myanmar.

She obtained her Master of Health Science in population development and reproductive health from the John Hopkins Bloomberg University of Public Health in 2000. She earned a range of certificates on MCH/Family Planning including from UCLA and BKKBN in early 1990s. She received her Master of Public Health from the University of Medicine (1), Yangon in 1987. She also holds a medical degree from the University of Medicine (2), Yangon since 1977. Her career focused originally on maternal and child health, and then extends to reproductive health since 1996.

Dr Thein was one of the founding members of family planning program in Myanmar. In this capacity, she leads the public health division of the DOH throughout her career, with main thrust on meeting MDGs  4 & 5. She is also volunteering as a technical consultant to the one of key national NGOs, Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association since 2003. She has been a research consultant to many UN funded RH projects. She also served as a member of Gender Advisory Panel, WHO-HQ from 1999 to 2004.  Also served as a regional steering committee member for the Lancet series of South East Asia Region’s  health issues and also a country lead for Lancet Myanmar Series 2014.

Currently, she is a member of International Steering Committee of 8th Asia Pacific Conference on Sexual & Reproductive Health and Rights. She is keen in integrating HIV and FP services since decades ago and have participated in every effort to make it happened at country level. Her keen interest and vast experience in medical education has been instrumental in advocating decision makers for the reform towards new paradigm of medical education system in Myanmar. Currently, she is leading the country’s initiatives towards Universal Health Coverage and malaria elimination, both to be fulfilled by 2030.