We are an international health research institute based in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Our research is addressing some of the world‚Äôs most pressing health challenges.
We aim to ensure that our evidence and experience is widely shared.
Stay up to date with our research and activities.
2015 - till date
Head, Initiative for Non-Communicable Disease, Health Systems and Population Studies Division, icddr,b
Post-doc on Health Policy from The Nossal Institute for Global Health ,University of Melbourne, Australia
2014 - 2015
Interim Head, Non-Communicable Disease Initiative
2013 - till date
Associate Scientist, icddr,b
2012 - till date
Faculty, James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Bangladesh
2013 - 2015
Coordinator Governance and Accountability Research Group, icddr,b
Asia Pacific Observatory Fellow, World Health Organization (WHO)
2012 - 2014
Assistant Professor (adjunct), Tulane University School of Public Health, USA
PhD on Health Systems and Management from Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans Louisiana, USA
2010 - 2011
Teaching Assistant, Tulane University School of Public Health, USA
2009 - 2010
Research Assistant, Tulane University School of Public Health, USA
2004 - 2012
Assistant Scientist, icddr,b
Masters in Public Health (MPH), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Maryland, USA.
1996 - 2003
Research Investigator, icddr,b
1994 - 1995
Medical Officer, icddr,b
MBBS, Mymensingh Medical College, Bangladesh
I am a medical doctor and public health researcher with extensive training in epidemiology, public health, behavioral intervention, health system and policy research. I have a strong background in disease surveillance, laboratory based research, randomised control trial, experimental designs, case control study, longitudinal cohort, large scale nationwide surveys, qualitative study and economic evaluations. I have strong background in infectious disease epidemiology, and my current research interests primarily focus on prevention and control non communicable diseases through strengthening the local health systems. Thus my research involves epidemiological studied of non communicable diseases including hypertension, diabetes, myocardial infarction, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, obesity, rheumatology and mental health,¬† which may be broadened to exploring role of common acute health conditions, such as, diarrhea, typhoid fever, pneumonia, food safety, evaluations of new vaccines, etc. for attributing for non-communicable diseases.
I have a long track record of attracting research grant and since 2013. I have raised substantial funding for chronic disease research in Bangladesh and other South Asian countries. Currently I have been leading randomised control trials on improving primary care strategies for control of cardio-vascular diseases and type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh. Recently I have generated the largest data in South Asia for the assessment of risk factors of myocardial infarction (MI) among patients with first ever MI attack. I have been actively involved in designing and evaluating innovative health systems solutions, and have been awarded a number of competitive grants in a wide range of common NCD research areas, including stroke, diabetic retinopathy, maternal depression, work site intervention, cancer, childhood obesity etc., as a PI or a co-PI.¬†I have extensive expertise in training a large study team in order to successfully carry out large scale community bases interventions that have laid the necessary groundwork for developing innovative solutions for the prevention and control of NCDs in South Asia. I have excellent leadership capacity to motivate and mobilise large groups including international collaborations and essential scientific diplomacy skills for maintaining effective collaborations with the Ministry of Health or national institutions.
I have a good a track record of publication and since 20014 I have published 52 manuscripts in international peer-reviewed journals. Recently I have published a book as the lead Editor of a book on Bangladesh health system and its transition over time for achieving MDG 4 published by World Health Organization. The book has comprehensively presented the gaps in research and health systems in Bangladesh and has been a reference book for the MPH programs in Bangladesh. I am actively involved in capacity building in research and scientific leadership in public health. Recently I have been awarded D71¬†International Research Training Planning Grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) USA and also have developed a Clinical Research Platform in collaborations with the British Medical Journal one of the leading international peer reviewed journal and Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University the premier post graduate institutions in Bangladesh that offer post graduate degree for doctors in Bangladesh. I have served as a Faculty in various institutions including Tulane University in New Orleans, USA and James P Grant School of Public Health in Dhaka Bangladesh. In icddr,b I mentor¬† a number of junior researchers to build a research career in Noncommunicable diseases with a special concentration in health systems research. Our department also hosts internship programs to mentor students for developing capacity in NCD research for those who come from various reputed institutions, including Umea University, National University of Singapore (NUS) etc. I serve as a member of several international professional organizations and societies. My long experience in research particularly my expertise in chronic disease, behavioral science and health system intervention justify my contribution in the proposed project.
Morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in high in LMICs. Very little research has been done in South Asian countries in order to assess the actual burden of the common NCDs and assessing their risk factors. I have contributed a number of global disease burden studies in order to generate essential evidence of burden of NCDs and risk factors globally. I have been involved with developing and implementing a number research studies as the PI for assessing the burden of NCDs and modifiable risk factors in Bangladesh and other South Asian countries in order to develop primary care strategies for control and prevention of NCDs in LMICs, including myocardial infarction in urban population, control of hypertension among rural population in 3 countries in South Asia, evaluation of lifestyle intervention for preventing type 2 diabetes among women with gestational diabetes in 3 countries in South Asia, feasibility assessment of childhood obesity control in urban areas etc. Evidence generated from the ongoing studies will give valuable directions for development of suitable NCD control and prevention strategies in Bangladesh and other LMICs in South Asia.
Food and water borne disease including diarrhea and¬†other enteric disease that are prevalent in Bangladesh and other low income countries, are¬†an important cause of illness in young children. Due to advent of the oral rehydration solutions mortality from diarrhea has substantially reduced, but the burden still remains high, particularly in young children. There has been limited evidence of burden and risk factors of enteric disease in South Asian region. I have led a number of researches on food and water borne diseases as the PI including a population based typhoid fever surveillance in urban areas, nationwide¬†Shigella dysenteriae¬†type 1¬†surveillance, assessment risk factors for typhoid fever, evaluation of rapid diagnostic tools for early detection of cholera and typhoid fever, assessment of microbial risk in street food for contributing to enteric disease etc. As a result, WHO has made modified the recommendation of first line therapy for treating¬†¬†dysentery¬†type 1 and the rapid diagnostic tool for cholera has been made commercially available at low cost. Based on my study findings I was also able to develop an innovative locally appropriate intervention for promoting street food safety and evaluate its impact on reducing microbial contamination in street food in urban areas in Bangladesh. Recently the study has led to formulating a street food safety policy in the training curriculum developed¬† for improving knowledge and behavioral change among the mobile street food vendors has been adopted by Dhaka City Corporation authority for promoting street food safety in the capital city of Bangladesh.
I have led a number of communities and hospital based studies on pneumonia and assesses the burden of vaccine preventing bacterial pneumonia in young children including pneumococcal and Hib vaccine as the PI and co-PI. Those studies have generated burden of¬†pneumonia and contribution of vaccine preventable pneumonia in children in Bangladesh and other South Asian countries. As result of the study we were able to recommend formulation of a suitable pneumococcal vaccine for the developing countries including South Asia, and the vaccine industries¬† were able to manufacture an appropriate pneumococcal vaccine that were made commercially available in all developing countries at low cost. As a result of the study we were able to advocate the government of Bangladesh for introduction of Hib vaccine in the national immunisation program in 2009 and early introduction of pneumococcal vaccine in 2013.
Naheed A, Koly KN, Uddin Ahmed H, Akhter S, Uddin MMJ, Smith Fawzi MC, Chandir S, Mannan M, Hossain S, Nelson C, Munir K. "Implementing a Mental Health Care Program and Home-Based Training for Mothers of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in an Urban Population in Bangladesh: Protocol for a Feasibility Assessment Study.¬† JMIR Res Protoc. 2017 Dec 14¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†
Jafar TH, Jehan I, de Silva HA, Naheed A, Gandhi M, Assam P, Finkelstein EA, Quigley HL, Bilger M, Khan AH, Clemens JD, Ebrahim S, Turner EL; for COBRA-BPS Study Group, Kasturiratne A. " Multicomponent intervention versus usual care for management of hypertension in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.¬† Trials. 2017 Jun
Jafar TH, Silva Ad, Naheed A, Jehan I, Liang F, Assam PN, Legido-Quigley H, Finkelstein EA, Ebrahim S, Wickremasinghe R, Alam D, Khan AH; COBRA-BPS Study Group. "Control of blood pressure and risk attenuation: a public health intervention in rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka: feasibility trial results.¬†¬† J Hypertens¬† 2016 Sep¬†
Chowdhury R, Alam DS, Fakir II, Adnan SD, Naheed A, Tasmin I, Monower MM, Hossain F, Hossain FM, Rahman MM, Afrin S, Roy AK, Akter M, Sume SA, Biswas AK, Pennells L, Surendran P, Young RD, Spackman SA, Hasan K, Harshfield E, Sheikh N, Houghton R, Saleheen D, Howson JM, Butterworth AS; Cardiology Research Group, Raqib R, Majumder AA, Danesh J, Di Angelantonio E.¬† " The Bangladesh Risk of Acute Vascular Events (BRAVE) Study: objectives and design. Eur J Epidemiol 2015 Jul 30
Ahmed S, Chowdhury MA, Khan MA, Huq NL, Naheed A. " Access to primary health care for acute vascular events in rural low income settings: a mixed methods study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Jan 18¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†¬†
Islam, SMS.,Islam, M.T., Islam, A., Rodgers, A., Chow, C.K., Naheed, A.¬† National drug policy reform for noncommunicable diseases in low-resource countries: an example from Bangladesh. Bull World Health Organ. 2017 May 1
Naheed A, Ram PK, Brooks WA, Hossain MA, Parsons MB, Talukder KA, Mintz E, Luby S, Breiman RF. "Burden of typhoid and paratyphoid fever in a densely populated urban community, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Int J Infect¬† Dis. 2010 Sep 14
Naheed A, Saha SK, Breiman RF, Khatun F, Brooks WA, El Arifeen S, Sack D, Luby SP; Pneumococcal Study Group." Multihospital surveillance of pneumonia burden among children aged <5 2009="" years="" hospitalized="" for="" pneumonia="" in="" bangladesh.="" clin="" infect="" dis="" .="" mar="" p="">
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Naheed A, Ram PK, Brooks WA, Mintz ED, Hossain MA, Parsons MM, Luby SP, Breiman RF.¬† Clinical value of Tubex and Typhidot rapid diagnostic tests for typhoid fever in an urban community clinic in Bangladesh.¬† Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008 Aug
Naheed A, Walker Fischer CL, Mondal D, Ahmed S, Arifeen SE, Yunus M, Black RE, Baqui AH. Zinc therapy for diarrhoea improves growth among Bangladeshi infants 6 to 11 months of age. J Pediatr Gastroenterol 2009 Jan 4